ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) <p class="aboutus-text"><strong>ASIAN Journal of International Peace and Security (AJIPS)</strong> is an <strong>HEC recognized (Y category) </strong>quarterly [since 2021, previously biannual (2020 and annual 2017-2019)] double-blind peer-review research journal of the <strong>Foundation for Advancement of Independent Research and Learning for International Peace and Security (FAIRLIPS).</strong> The foundation aims to promote independent research and learning, both indispensable for securing international peace and security.</p> <p class="aboutus-text">The journal endeavors to advance the mission, principles, aims, and objectives of the foundation. It believes in the principles of strict adherence to objectivity, impartiality, and neutrality as well as access to truth and its transmission. Its main aim is to supplement the foundation’s objectives particularly: to create, promote and disseminate knowledge, and; to provide researchers from all over the world especially from the developing states such as Pakistan and other regional countries a forum to help publish their research on fast track basis.</p> en-US (Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Naazer) (Managing Editor) Thu, 01 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Challenges and Responses of Contemporary Pakistan-Iran Relations <p>Iran and Pakistan are neighboring Muslim countries. Since the independence of<br>Pakistan from British India in 1947, it has kept close ties with Iran, based on shared<br>values and a common heritage. Both the countries went through ups and downs in their<br>history but still maintained a peaceful relation. To maintain a good momentum of<br>relations, they adopted policies to enhance their friendship. This paper focuses on<br>different pushing and pulling factors between their relations, at the local, regional, and<br>global levels, while analyzing their changing perspectives towards each other over time<br>on different common issues. Those factors include the politics circles around delaying<br>the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline, the Iran nuclear issue, the U.S. intervention in the wake<br>of its withdrawal from the landmark Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the<br>Afghanistan situation and implications for both Iran and Pakistan, Saudi Arabian<br>influence especially in the foreign policy formulation of Pakistan, and the recent Indian<br>rapprochement towards Iran. This paper is based on secondary data.</p> Asiya Bukhari, Rizwan Ali Shinwari, Tahir Mahmood Azad Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Politics of Climate Change: A Comparative Study of the Chinese and the US Responses <p>The climate change has menacingly threatened the environmental system due to<br>emission of greenhouse gasses. On the other hand, the world’s economic infrastructure<br>mostly has a carbon economy that could collapse if carbon footprint is suddenly<br>reduced. Due to the inverse relationship between economic interests and climate<br>change, states are not taking climate catastrophe seriously. Countries like China and the<br>US, with significant footprints of carbon in the world, have manipulated and abandoned<br>the climate objectives for economic pursuits. Their responses towards climate change<br>are often driven by their narrowly conceived economic and political objectives,<br>hindering their compliance and cooperation to tackle climate change. The study<br>suggests two points: the US and China will keep relying on fossil fuels for economic<br>objectives, and climate politics between these two countries and unwillingness on their<br>part to share the burden have threatened both states’ climate obligations. Hence,<br>climate change can betackled proficiently if the US and China cooperate by enhancing<br>trust on each other tofight climate change and shift their industries and manufacturing<br>sectors to clean energy instead of fossil fuels.</p> Amjid Rana, Saima Gul Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Tehran-Riyadh Détente 2023: Implications for Pakistan <p>The recently signed Iran-Saudi deal has generated a new debate in the contemporary<br>global power politics because the role of China mediating a deal between to archrival<br>nations has surprised the whole world. The Western powers are now compelled to<br>alter their ongoing models of Middle Eastern policies while recognizing China as an<br>important factor in affecting the mainstream geo-strategic calculations of the great<br>powers. In this debate, the position of Pakistan cannot be ignored because Islamabad<br>has a decades-long rivalry with New Delhi parallel to having multileveled relations with<br>Beijing. Additionally, the ideological affiliations of Islamabad with the main power<br>centers of the Muslim world have raised the significance of this development for<br>Pakistan. This deal has significant implications for the politics of the Middle Eastern<br>and South Asian regions, and both are the main points of Pakistan’s foreign policy.<br>Thus, this paper seeks to provide a descriptive account of various arguments related to<br>the ongoing politics of South Asian and Middle Eastern regions in the post-deal<br>environment. It is an academic endeavor to align Pakistan with the changing attributes<br>of the Muslim world, where China has been recognized as an influential player and a<br>potential force for shaping new political scenarios. This study is based on a<br>combination of explorative and analytical method whereas its theoretical description<br>has been maintained with the support of Hegemonic Stability Theory (HST).</p> Attiq-ur-Rehman Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cyber Stalking: Victims Vs Legal Protections <p>The concept of cyber stalking is not new to cybercrime category but many countries are<br>still promulgating laws to protect cyber space from this intimidating behavior;<br>however, some countries has taken it a crime against female only and some has been<br>very late to regulate cyberspace. Therefore, with the legislative comparison between<br>India and the United Kingdom (UK), the clear stance on cyber stalking will be presented<br>as UK legal system is yet to promulgate cyber stalking regulations while India has only<br>considered female in the role of victim rather than mentioning anyone subject to cyber<br>stalking. On the other hand, the legal perspective on cyber stalking of the developed<br>countries such as Japan, Poland, and Singapore would help to analyze the problem in<br>detail. The legislative provisions elucidate the comprehension regarding efforts that<br>have been put in place by the international community to prevent cyber stalking and to<br>protect their citizen. Thus, the present research is conducted by comparison of legal<br>provisions of recently promulgating laws regarding cyber stalking in different states<br>and for this purpose comparative study methodology is adopted.</p> Zainab Bibi, Ambreen Abbasi Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Stability-Instability Paradox: The Evolving Status of Artificial Intelligence in South Asia <p>Artificial Intelligence has emerged as a breakthrough technology with dual use for<br>civilian as well as military purposes. As a new field, it offers various opportunities along<br>with challenges in the military sector. Major Powers are engaged in establishing and<br>maintaining leadership in the AI sector. This is not only compelling for major nuclear<br>powers to keep capacity building race due to the dilemma of security, but also<br>provoking other states to engage in acquiring AI-based technology both for civilian and<br>military purposes. This paper highlights the evolving status of AI particularly in South<br>Asia, keeping in view the emerging global status of AI among major powers. The study<br>also introduces the threat posed by AI to the stability-instability paradox both at<br>strategic and sub-strategic levels. The theoretical lens of security dilemma is used for<br>this study to understand and predict the evolving threat posed by AI in the context of<br>South Asia. Furthermore, this study is qualitative and exploratory in nature, taking<br>advantage of the competing truths and interpretations to highlight the growing use of<br>AI for dual purposes.</p> Ziyad Alam, Mehboob Ali Khan, Faiza Naseem Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000